Siouxland News talked with the author of a new study about what parents and athletes need to know.
Dr. Neha Rauker's study finds that more girls are suffering from concussion than boys.
After further looked into the reasons why, she's found that a culture of non-reporting is putting kids in danger.
"I was really nauseous. I was dizzy. My head hurt a lot," said Kearstyn Stephens, a soccer player.
11th grade soccer player Kearstyn Stephens knows what it's like to get a concussion, not once, but twice."I guess she kneed me in the face, that's what everyone said happened," said Stephens.
But the first time she had a concussion, guess what happened?
"I remember when I first got my concussion, I don't think if anybody wasn't around I probably wouldn't have said anything," said the athlete. "I'm one of those kids that like's to play. I broke my wrist once and didn't tell anyone."
That's exactly the problem and also why the numbers of student athletes who have had concussions are probably greater than we even realize.
"All kinds of things can happen to our brains when it's injured like that," said Dr. Richard Smith of Mercy Neuroscience Institute.
Dr. Smith studies these injuries and says he knows how damaging even minor concussions can be.
"A disorientation, a fogginess of thinking, can't remember, they might not remember the accident," said Dr. Smith.
Those are the short term effects, but it's the long term effects we still don't fully know.
"Research about youth concussions is very limited," said Dr. Neha Rauker.
Rauker is the author of a study about youth concussions just released by the institute of medicine.
"Women seem to have more severe symptoms and seem to be, seem to have more concussions," she said.
Besides that, the study found this culture of not reporting concussions, no matter what the gender, is extremely disturbing, and students need to know that's not okay.
"Parents need to be better educated on concussions, teachers need to be better educated, coaches need to be educated and athletes need to be educated," said Rauker.
Take it from an athlete who knows.
Stephens says speak up.
"I think that it's important for kids, especially younger kids if they get hurt with their head that they need to tell someone cause I know what could happen now," she said.
If you suspect or know you've suffered from a concussion, don't wait.
Symptoms of a concussion range from mild to severe.
They include headaches, temporary loss of consciousness, amnesia, and/or dizziness.
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